Tuesday, January 28, 2020

Primula vulgaris and P. veris (Primrose and Cowslip)



Primula vulgaris (Primrose)


Primrose - Primula vulgaris 
Photo: taken on 27th March 2019 - Dalton Crags

Just noticing today (28th January 2020) that the Primrose leaves are just starting to come through and it wont be long before we have the beautiful flowers all around our limestone habitats (late March).  We do have little colonies throughout Dalton Crags, Lancelot, Burton and also over on the Stints, and on the Hutton Roof common.


Primrose (Primula vulgaris)
Photo: taken today 28th January 2020 - Dalton Crags
Already showing new sprouting leaves coming through.

But last year I was having a walk over on the Hutton Roof village side and stumbled upon a area which had so many it became almost impossible to walk without standing on them, it was the most amazing sight and a lovely game of "hopscotch". Fortunately I did manage to take a few photos so I can give you some idea of what it was like (Photos can be seen below). 

I noticed that quite a large section were in an area which before long would be well overgrown with plenty of bracken ferns shading out the last remnants of the primula, and I did wonder if perhaps the bracken in turn was helping the primula, giving it plenty of warmth at the lower levels (I guess a sort of micro climate which would give the root system plenty of warmth especially during the Winter months).  I had known about the Primrose and later the Cowslips having already visited the area in most years together from my notes from previous years, although I don't ever recall the plants being so prolific as they were in 2019! I must (and I will God permitting) try and get across there again this year, just to see if it was just a ordinary annual yield (which somehow I doubt!) or was it a special every so often yield!

There was a special reason for me being there last March and that was to try and evaluate the status of the primula, because the year before I was asked to try and help with the surveying of the plant both on Dalton Crags and Lancelot Clark Storth (Cumbria Wildlife Trust) and Hutton Roof in general. The reason was for me to pass on any information of my sightings to a lady working at the University of Cumbria. She and others were working on finding suitable areas that could possibly sustain reintroductions of the fabulous small butterfly the Duke of Burgundy. If something did ever come of that information then that would be great so I took the photos and submitted them to the butterfly people in question for their considerations and deliberations. I have as yet not heard anything further, it would be nice to find out!!

Dalton Crags and Hutton Roof did have good populations of the Duke of Burgundy butterflies during the prior to and including the 1950s, although they did hang on until about the 1980's before their sudden demise, but are now thought to be extinct within the area. Well the area I show the photos might just be the ideal place.....


 Primrose (Primula vulgaris)
Photo: taken on 13th May 2019 - Hutton Roof
You can see from this photo you would struggle to walk in between the plants they are so compact at this particular area. 

 Primrose (Primula vulgaris)
Photo: taken on 13th May 2019 - Hutton Roof
You can see from this photo you would struggle to walk in between the plants they are so compact at this particular area. 

 Primrose (Primula vulgaris)
Photo: taken on 13th May 2019 - Hutton Roof
You can see from this photo you would struggle to walk in between the plants they are so compact at this particular area. 

 Primrose (Primula vulgaris)
Photo: taken on 13th May 2019 - Hutton Roof
You can see from this photo you would struggle to walk in between the plants they are so compact at this particular area. 

 Primrose (Primula vulgaris)
Photo: taken on 13th May 2019 - Hutton Roof
You can see from this photo you would struggle to walk in between the plants they are so compact at this particular area. 
 Primrose (Primula vulgaris)
Photo: taken on 13th May 2019 - Hutton Roof
You can see from this photo you would struggle to walk in between the plants they are so compact at this particular area. 

 Primrose (Primula vulgaris)
Photo: taken on 13th May 2019 - Hutton Roof
You can see from this photo you would struggle to walk in between the plants they are so compact at this particular area. 

Primrose (Primula vulgaris)
Photo: taken on 13th May 2019 - Hutton Roof


Primula veris (Cowslip)


Cowslip (Primula veris)
taken on 29th April 2018 on Hutton Roof

Over the years I have seen lots of primula variants, but probably none like this one. I found this on the main woodland track within Lancelot Clark Storth (Cumbria Wildlife Trust) and I could not at first believe my eyes.  Seeing a double version of the lower leaf structure being created at the top (flowering section) of the plant.  Leaves in the position where you would expect petals!!!  I checked it out the following year (2019) but I could not even find a plant.

 Cowslip (Primula veris) 
Photo: taken on 18th May 2018 in Lancelot Clark Storth (CWT)

 Cowslip (Primula veris) 
Photo: taken on 18th May 2018 in Lancelot Clark Storth (CWT)


Thursday, January 2, 2020

Anthriscus sylvestris - Cow Parsley







Cow Parsley (Anthriscus sylvestris)

Very unusual but the above photos were taken on January 2nd 2020

Probably the last photo shows the design of the petal structure at its best!
Were you get two or three of the petals much larger than the rest.
One Petal in particular nearly twice the size of the rest.

Other features I also find very interesting is the Fern Like leaves.
Also the sometimes dark purple HOLLOW stems.


Sunday, November 3, 2019

Main Index Page


Click over latin title for access to species


Adoxa moschatellina (Moschatel)

Allium ursinum (Ramsons)

Anemone nemorosa (Wood Anemone)

Antennaria dioica (Mountain Everlasting)

Anthriscus sylvestris (Cow Parsley)

Arabis hirsuta (Hairy Rockcress)

Arenaria serpyllifolia (Thyme Leaved Sandwort)

Asperula cynanchica (Squinancywort)

Cardamine pratensis (Cuckooflower)

Carlina vulgaris (Carline Thistle)

Chrysosplenium oppositifolium (Opposite Leaved Golden Saxifrage)

Circaea x intermedia (Upland Enchanters Nightshade)

Clematis vitalba (Travellers Joy)

Dianthus deltoides (Maiden Pink)

Daphne Mezereone (Daphne Mezereone)

Epipactis atrorubens (Dark Red Helleborine)

Epipactis helleborine (Broad Leaved Helleborine)

Erinus alpinus (Fairy Foxglove)

Galium boreale (Northern Bedstraw)

Galium saxatile (Heath Bedstraw)

Galium sterneri (Limestone Bedstraw)

Geranium molle (Dovesfoot Cranesbill)

Gentianella amarella (Autumn Gentian)

Gentianella campestris (Field Gentian)

Geum rivale (Water Avens)

Helianthemum nummularium (Common Rock-rose)

Hippocrepis comosa (Horseshoe Vetch)

Hyacinthoides non-scripta (Bluebell)

Hypericum montanum (Pale St. John's Wort)

Lamiastrum galeobdolan (Yellow Archangel)

Lotus corniculatus (Birds Foot Trefoil)

Medicago lupulina (Black Medick

Metampyrum pratense (Common Cow-wheat)

Minuartia verna (Spring Sandwort)

Ophrys insectifera (Fly Orchid)

Orchis mascula (Early Purple Orchid)

Paris quadrifolia (Herb Paris)

Pedicularis palustrus (Marsh Lousewort)

Pilosella officinarum (Mouse-ear Hawkweed)

Plantago lanceolata (Ribwort Plantain)

Polygala serpyllifolia  (Heath Milkwort)

Polygala vulgaris (Common Milkwort)

Polygonatum odoratum (Angular Solomons Seal)

Potentilla erecta (Tormentil)

Potentilla sterilis (Barren Strawberry)

Potentilla tabernaemontani (Spring Cinquefoil)

Poterium sanguisorba (Salad Burnet)

Primula vulgaris and P.veris (Primrose and Cowslip)

Prunella vulgaris (Self Heal)

Saxifrage tridactylites (Rue Leaved Saxifrage)

Sherardia arvensis (Field Madder)

Stellaria holostea (Greater Stitchwort)

Talictrum minus (Lesser Meadow-rue) 

Trifolium medium (Zigzag Clover)

Trifolium pratense (Red Clover)

Veronica serpyllifolia (Thyme Leaved Speedwell)

Vicia sativa (Common Vetch)

Vicia sepium (Bush Vetch)

Viola riviniana (Dog Violet)


GRASSES

Carex ornithopodia (Birds Foot Sedge)

Luzula campestris (Field Wood Rush)

Seslera caerulea (Blue Moor Grass)

Tuesday, September 10, 2019

Trifolium pratense - Red Clover



 Trifolium pratense - Red Clover
Photo: Holme Park Fell on 10th September 2019


  Trifolium pratense - Red Clover
Photo: Holme Park Fell on 10th September 2019

  Trifolium pratense - Red Clover
Photo: Holme Park Fell on 10th September 2019

  Trifolium pratense - Red Clover
Photo: Holme Park Fell on 10th September 2019

 Trifolium pratense - Red Clover
Photo: Holme Park Fell on 10th September 2019

Sunday, September 8, 2019

Gentianella campestris - Field Gentian



Gentianella campestris - Field Gentian
Photo: Hutton Roof on 11th September 2019


 Gentianella campestris (Field Gentian)
Photo: Hutton Roof 24th August 2019




 Gentianella campestris (Field Gentian)
Photo: Hutton Roof 8th September 2019

Gentianella campestris (Field Gentian)

Photo: Hutton Roof on 13th September 2019

Gentianella campestris (Field Gentian)
Rare White specimen 
Photo: Hutton Roof on 13th September 2019

Gentianella campestris (Field Gentian)
Rare White specimen
Photo: Hutton Roof on 13th September 2019

We do have two nice little populations of some 500 flowers of this species on the NW side of Hutton Roof.

In most years at this particular site we do also have Gentianella amarella also growing alongside them, but sadly they have not appeared during the past two years (2018,2019). It seems strange to me that the campestris have come through OK yet the amarella have just not come through!

Sunday, June 30, 2019

Arenaria serpyllifolia (Thyme -leaved Sandwort




 Arenaria serpyllifolia (Thyme Leaved Sandwort) Click over to enlarge
Photo: Dalton Crags 29th June 2019

Arenaria serpyllifolia (Thyme Leaved Sandwort) Click over to enlarge
Photo: Dalton Crags on 29th June 2019

Thyme Leaved Sandwort which was quite prominent midway along the main track which goes through the upper Dalton (or deforested) area. When I looked very close at the anthers I noticed they also had the pink tips just like you get with the Minuartia verna (Spring Sandwort). 

Monday, June 24, 2019

Galium saxatile (Heath Bedstraw)



Top part is Limestone Bedstraw Bottom is Heath Bedstraw

Photo: 22nd June 2019 Hutton Roof

Top part is Limestone Bedstraw Bottom is Heath Bedstraw
Photo: 22nd June 2019 Hutton Roof

On Hutton Roof we have both Galium sterneri (Limestone Bedstraw) and Galium saxatile (Heath Bedstraw) and although the Galium sterneri (Limestone Bedstraw) is a much rarer plant nationally, here it remains the commoner of the two.  The reasons are the Galium sterneri (Limestone Bedstraw) is found more or less throughout the full 100 hectares of Hutton Roof, whilst the Galium saxatile (Heath Bedstraw) although found in much more larger density and matt forming quantities it remains to be found only in areas of open heathland just like we have got at the Trig Point, Ploverlands and Uberash roughs.

It can sometimes be difficult to tell which are which at first glance and therefore you need to check them close up by using a small hand lens.

You can tell by the shape of the leaf, but the conclusive can be by seeing which way the bristles on the edges of the leaves are pointing eg: Bristles going backwards and point to the stem are Galium sterneri (Limestone Bedstraw), whilst bristles going forwards are Galium saxatile (Heath Bedstraw).  Please enlarge the above photos to see the examples.


Galium saxatile (Heath Bedstraw) (Click over to enlarge)